|Lily of the Valley:
Transplanted left side, 09/29/2021.Lily of the valley produces pretty red berries, all parts of this plant are poisonous.
Transplant the lily of the valley sprigs immediately. Keep roots and rhizomes moist.
Mulch the transplanted sprigs with about 1/2 inch of organic compost to conserve moisture and discourage weeds. Water the lilies of the valley thoroughly to evenly moisten the soil but not enough to make it soggy or wet. Keep the bed moist until the transplants are well established, and then reduce watering as needed to avoid soggy soil.
Water the lilies of the valley thoroughly when growth resumes in the spring. Keep them evenly moist throughout the growing season. As they grow taller, mulch the bed with leaf mold to keep their roots cool during the summer months. Gradually add 1/2 inch of material every week or two until it’s about 2 to 4 inches deep.
Add fertilizer, such as bonemeal, when you prepare the soil. Be sure to mix the fertilizer into the soil so it does not come into direct contact with the bulbs.
Plant (pointed side up) all bulbs of a kind, when grouped together, at the same depth so they will bloom at the same time and attain the same height.
After planting water thoroughly to settle the soil and to encourage the start of root growth. Sufficient moisture is vital to the health of your bulbs; lacking ample rain, it may be necessary to water new plantings once a week in fall. The roots will continue to grow in fall until the soil freezes.
Plant about three times the height of the bulb. Place balanced plant food in the holes before closing them back up. Set the bulb in the hole with the pointy end up.Water bulbs right after planting. Don’t water the bulbs again unless it’s extremely dry outside. Although they can’t bear wet feet, bulbs need water to trigger growth.
The bulbs should be planted when the soil is still at least 60 °F (16 °C).
Scatter a small handful of bulb fertilizer in each hole or trench. If your bulbs are not performing well in spring, give them a low-nitrogen, high-potash fertilizer. Avoid cutting too many flowers.
Plant 3 to 6 inches apart. Only plant one type of daffodil per hole or trench. Bulbs should be planted three or four times their depth. Plant pointed end facing up. If you can’t tell which end is “up,” plant the bulb on its side.
Cover the bulbs and water them immediately after planting. Keep the area moist during the duration of the growth, until about three weeks after blooming time. Stop watering once the flowers have been in bloom for three weeks.
If you see pests or bulbs feel soft to the touch, place the bulbs in nearly boiling water for up to three hours (called a hot water treatment). Yellow spots on the stems or leaves may indicate Stem Nematodes. Destroy all the infected plants.